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Creative Commons licence CC BY-NC (Attribution-NonCommercial)Logforum. 2012. 8(2), article 1, 81-97;


Syed Waqar Azeem1, Haroon Hussain2, Rana Yasir Hussain3

1)Independent Researcher
)Department of Commerce, University of Sargodha, Pakistan 3) University of Education, Lahore


Background: During the last two decades Pakistan was one of the most attractive countries that received Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) among developing economies, and especially in first half of the last decade the growth was so rapid and sustainable in different industries as well as in agriculture.  In Pakistani economy the role of Foreign Direct Investment is very important. Policies are clear about the foreign investment even then adjustments are made according to the time, objective, needs and economic circumstances in the country. 

Methods: The present study aims to investigate the determinants of foreign investment in Pakistan by using Gravity model. By using panel data of FDI which is used as dependent variable and Gross domestic product, Gross domestic product per capita, Gross domestic product growth rate, Inflation rate, Trade, Total government expenditure, Population growth and Distance used as independent variable from 1999 to 2009 for empirical consequences, the study encompasses the examination of Foreign Direct Investment inflows from different countries and their geographical distance from Pakistan.

Results:  Two type of test is used (1) fixed and (2) random effect to check the relationship among foreign direct investment and independent variables. In our both models distance shows a negative impact on the decision to make an investment by investing partner while GDP and GDP growth have a positive and significant impact. Gravity in this regards does not effect that much for foreign direct investment attraction because results are negatively significant in this case that shows higher distance is a hurdle for the inflow of foreign investment but rest of the variables are significantly positive and related to the inflow of foreign investment except population growth which is negatively correlated.  

Conclusion: This research concludes that there is a strong evidence of existence of gravity between Pakistan and its investing partners. It is also conclude that those countries have less distance from Pakistan, having more investment in Pakistan, therefore, attracting these countries for investment in Pakistan would cause a greater chance of economic growth in Pakistan.

Keywords: gravity model, foreign investments, Pakistan
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For citation:

MLA Azeem, Syed Waqar, et al. "The Determinants of Foreign Investment in Pakistan: A gravity model analysis." Logforum 8.2 (2012): 1.
APA Syed Waqar Azeem, Haroon Hussain, Rana Yasir Hussain (2012). The Determinants of Foreign Investment in Pakistan: A gravity model analysis. Logforum 8 (2), 1.
ISO 690 AZEEM, Syed Waqar, HUSSAIN, Haroon, HUSSAIN, Rana Yasir. The Determinants of Foreign Investment in Pakistan: A gravity model analysis. Logforum, 2012, 8.2: 1.