Authors: Ursula Kapfenberger-Poindl
Title: ANALYSIS OF AUSTRIA?S LAND AND MULTIMODAL TRANSPORTATION
Keywords: multimodal transportation, Austria, River Danube, platooning, autonomous driving
Background: In the last decade, the total volume of freight transport has grown, partly due to the transportation of consumer goods. Multimodal transportation has been named in various publications as a solution. As a landlocked country in the middle of Europe, Austria has to bear more negative consequences of freight transport than other European countries. This study analyses the present situation of Austria’s freight transport systems and compares it with the other 27 EU countries. This paper also looks for new methods in logistics, to get the problem of increasing demand for transport under control. On this basis, this paper tries to make recommendations for strategic future transportation development in the country.
Methods: This study is based on the analysis of both scientific literature, and on official publications of the logistics sector in Austria. Publications of European and Austrian statistical material have been used to compare the transport situation in the other European Union member states and Austria.
Results: Austria’s usage of railways is already above average in the EU. On the other hand, waterway transport is below average. Intelligent exploitation of the River Danube could induce an important shift from road transport to cheaper and more environmental friendly river transport. New ways of managing traffic flow and increasing road safety are under development in logistics, although their implementation depends on the costs incurred.
Conclusion: By shifting a proportion of road transportation onto Austria’s main waterway, the River Danube, pressure on the environment and traffic flow could be improved to a certain extent. The digitalization of logistics and the introduction of computer-driven road transportation systems, such as platooning and autonomous driving, and multimodal transportation may be useful ways to relieve the situation on the main roads, and to prevent an increase in traffic jams, exhaust emissions and the risk of accidents. Further research and practical tests will be necessary to reach market readiness and cost efficiency.
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|MLA||Kapfenberger-Poindl, Ursula. "Analysis of Austria?s land and multimodal transportation ." Logforum 14.2 (2018): 8. DOI: 10.17270/J.LOG.262|
|APA||Ursula Kapfenberger-Poindl (2018). Analysis of Austria?s land and multimodal transportation . Logforum 14 (2), 8. DOI: 10.17270/J.LOG.262|
|ISO 690||KAPFENBERGER-POINDL, Ursula. Analysis of Austria?s land and multimodal transportation . Logforum, 2018, 14.2: 8. DOI: 10.17270/J.LOG.262|